Article

Law of Unintended Consequences: What the Future May Bring

November 2008, Auto Dealer Today - WebXclusive

by Thomas B. Hudson, Esq. - Also by this author

My wife is fond of telling a story about time travelers. Before the time travelers are permitted to strap themselves into the time machine, they are first given a lecture, the gist of which is, “When you go back in time, you must not change anything that you see, lest that change have unintended consequences in the future. Furthermore, there are no changes that are too small to matter.” Of course, one of the time travelers travels back in time several eons and, when he is outside the time machine, steps on a butterfly. When he returns to the present, he notices several changes—some minor, some profound.

That tale comes to mind when I read the trade press and see:

  • Finance companies exiting the business of buying contracts from dealers
  • Leasing companies bailing out of leasing altogether
  • Companies that sell GAP increasing their premiums
  • Driving in the U.S. off 3 percent in terms of mileage, with anecdotal evidence that speeds have decreased
  • Hybrids and “plug-in” electric cars as the answer

The mortgage mess has spilled over into the car arena. The credit markets appear to be temporarily (we hope) shell shocked and reluctant to assume any risk. Finance companies that lived on the securitization model can’t find people willing to provide the liquidity that is their lifeblood. Others won’t be buying as deeply. Dealers may well be tempted to assist customers in fabricating evidence of creditworthiness in order to get deals “bought” by the more selective buyers.

The shock of oil pushing $150 a barrel has put the value of big cars, trucks and SUVs in freefall. The companies that have leased those vehicles now find themselves facing huge potential losses as those gas hawgs roll off lease. The consumers who have leased the big vehicles find themselves in the enviable position of not incurring the losses that those who purchased identical vehicles will now face.

Companies that sell GAP, protection for a car buyer for any shortfall between the amount owed on the vehicle and the amount the vehicle is worth when it is totaled, are scrambling to figure out how to pay claims when the GAP widens for the big vehicles. I suppose that some of those potential losses might be made up when gas sippers are worth more.

Companies whose products, prices and profits are predicated on assumptions about vehicle mileage or the likelihood of vehicle accidents – providers of service contracts and insurance companies come to mind – are likely to be chuckling all the way to the bank if vehicle use and vehicle speeds continue to be depressed.

The hybrids and the yet-to-be-seen mass production of plug-in electric cars may well bring smiles to the faces of those early adopters who get a thrill when they whirr by gas stations, but those smiles may turn to frowns when those batteries finally give out, leaving them with a battery bill that might equal the value of their cars.

What does all this have to do with legal stuff, you ask?

Well, all of the relationships described involve legal arrangements of some sort, and all of those arrangements anticipate certain payments and certain returns on behalf of those participating in the arrangements. When contracting parties fail to get the benefit of the bargains they have struck, the resulting disappointments can work their way into the courts.

And there’s no telling what the consequences of that will be.

Vol 5, Issue 10

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